Wednesday, February 20, 2013

Goldfish First-Aid Kit

When your fish becomes sick, time is of the essence when it comes to administering treatment.  In some cases, if treatment is delayed because you have to go out and find supplies, or you have to wait for online orders to be shipped, it can be too late to help the fish by the time you gather the supplies needed.  So it's a good idea to always have on hand, in a goldfish first-aid kit, a few basic things that you may need. 

 Treatments & Medications
  • Praziquantel (Either AquaPrazi powder or PraziPro liquid is fine.) 
  • MetroMeds 
  • MediGold
  • Oxolinic Acid 
  • Jump Start (Or other probiotic food, used to replenish beneficial bacteria in the gut after antibiotics.)
  • Epsom Salt
  • Salt (Pure NaCl with no additives.  Morton's Canning & Pickling salt is good.)
  • Hydrogen Peroxide 3%
  • Biobandage or Triple Antibiotic Cream
  • Q-tips  
  • A Scale (One with .1 gram accuracy for weighing medications, and one with 1 gram accuracy for weighing fish.) 
For the Water
  • API liquid tests for: ammonia, nitrite, nitrate, pH, high range pH, GH, and KH
  • Prime or Amquel (Good because they detoxify ammonia and nitrite for a short period.)
  • Crushed Coral
  • Baking Soda
  • Buff-it-Up or Gold Buffer 
Diagnostic Tools
  • Microscope (One with up to 400x magnification is a great help in diagnosing illnesses.)
  • Fancy Goldfish by E. Johnson & R. Hess
  • Fish Disease: Diagnosis and Treatment by E. J. Noga
  • Fundamentals of Ornamental Fish Health by H. E. Roberts


  1. TIL - There is a 2nd edition to the Noga book now

  2. My goldfish (Moscato)jumped out and we found him on a tile floor all dried out. I thought he was dead, but then I saw movement. So I've been Moscato by the filter and trying to rehabilitate him. His slime coat (a white substance) is peeling off. I think he might make it. What can I give him in terms of meds to help his healing process?

    1. Hi Myles, I would just make sure to keep the water as absolutely clean as possible. No ammonia or nitrites at all, and very low nitrates. And even if all parameters test okay, do daily 50% water changes to give him nice clean water to heal in. It also might help to keep the tank lights off for a few days and try not to handle the fish is possible. Avoiding stressors will promote healing. If you notice any redness or abrasions, adding salt at 1 teaspoon per gallon will help. Best wishes! :)

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  4. very important informations and thank you for every thing

  5. hi Jennie,

    is feeding green peas good for gold fish with swim bladder problems? can I feed them peas on a daily basis? I read all about it in the net, but i'm still having second thoughts. thanks, great site and videos by the way! :)

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  8. Hi, I recently got a black telescope about 3cm long and a nymph goldfish they've both been showing white film or substance peeling off their backs. I was hoping if anyone could help me figure out what it is and how to treat it? PLEASE AND THANK YOU!!!